We realize that infertility treatment and the inevitable “waiting game” can be a cause of concern for our patients and those closest to them. That’s why we are here to help you every step of the way with patient education and other valuable resources. We believe that the more you know about the tests and treatments you will receive, the less worry and stress you will experience throughout your fertility journey.
A. Infertility is commonly defined as “not being able to get pregnant after one year of trying.” Experts often recommend that women who are older than 35 years and have not conceived during a six month period of unprotected sex should make an appointment with an infertility specialist. Women who do not have a regular monthly period should also consider seeing a reproductive endocrinologist because ovulation problems are the most common infertility factor in women.
A. About one-third of infertility cases are attributed to male factors, and about one-third to factors that affect women. For the remaining one-third of infertile couples, the inability to conceive is caused by a combination of issues in both partners.
Ovulation disorders are the leading cause of infertility in women. Anovulation (no ovulation) is a disorder in which eggs do not develop properly or are not released from the follicles of the ovaries. Women who have this disorder may not menstruate for several months, while others have periods even though they are not ovulating. Oligo-ovulation is a disorder in which ovulation doesn’t occur on a regular basis. With oligo-ovulation, menstrual cycles may be longer than the normal 24 to 35 days. Other causes may include blocked fallopian tubes, abnormalities
Problems with sperm quality (concentration, motility and shape) are the most common infertility factors in men. These include azoospermia (no sperm cells are produced) and oligospermia (few sperm cells are produced). Another cause of male infertility is attributed to sperm cells that are malformed or die before reaching the egg. Sometimes, infertility in men is the result of medical issues, such as low testosterone and varicoceles.
A. Most doctors advise women to try conceiving for at least one year. However, women aged 35 years or older should see an infertility specialist after six months of trying unsuccessfully because a woman’s chances of having a baby decrease rapidly every year after the age of 30. Since certain health problems may also increase your risk of infertility, women should also make an appointment with a reproductive endocrinologist if they have been diagnosed with endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease, or if they experience painful or irregular periods.