Surgical Fertility Treatment Procedures
When infertility is the result of a physical blockage or abnormality within the uterine cavity and/or fallopian tubes that prevent conception or implantation, surgery may be used to provide treatment. Fortunately, with minimally invasive surgical techniques and advanced microsurgical technologies, these procedures are safer, easier to recover from, and more effective than ever before. These are only some of the common fertility treatment procedures performed at our surgery center.
A hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical technique which allows the physician to examine and perform procedures on the inside of the uterus. When performed for fertility treatment, it may involve the removal of uterine fibroids, polyps or adhesions and an endometrial biopsy
While the patient is under anesthesia, the cervix is dilated, allowing for the insertion of a thin surgical device, known as a hysteroscope, into the uterine cavity. A camera on the end of the hysteroscope makes it possible for the surgeon to see the inside of the uterus. Carbon dioxide gas is used to gently inflate the uterus, making it easier to see and access the areas to be treated. Specialized instruments are then used to perform the necessary fertility treatment procedure. When the operation is complete, the gas is released. Since no incisions are necessary, there are no stitches to be removed and recovery tends to be very brief.
While hysteroscopy involves the examination and treatment of the inside of the uterus, a laparoscopy is performed to assess or treat problems in the pelvic cavity, outside of the uterus. Laparoscopy can be performed for the treatment of endometriosis, pelvic scarring and other conditions.
By creating one or more small incisions (usually less than one inch in length), surgeons can insert a laparoscope with a small camera on the end into the pelvic cavity. The space is inflated with carbon dioxide gas. Additional instruments are then introduced in order to perform the procedure. Once the fertility treatment surgery has been completed, the abdomen is deflated and the incisions are closed.