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If you are trying to conceive a baby and it is not happening as quickly as you expected, you may wonder if you have an infertility issue. If you have been trying to get pregnant for 6 months or more, it may be time to see a specialist.

Infertility is a disease of the reproductive system. One third of infertility can be attributed to male factors, and about one third can be attributed to female factors. Other cases are due to a combination of problems in both partners or to unknown causes.

Infertility affects approximately 11 percent of the reproductive population. Since infertility strikes diverse groups—affecting people from all socioeconomic levels and cutting across all racial, ethnic and religious lines—chances are great that a friend, relative, neighbor or perhaps you are attempting to cope with the medical and emotional aspects of infertility.

According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, you should seek the care of a specialist if you are unable to achieve pregnancy after 12 months of unprotected intercourse. If you are over the age of 35, the time of trying to conceive is reduced to 6 months. You should also seek the care of a specialist if you have had more than one miscarriage.

Infertility is often believed to be a women’s problem. However, studies indicate that 30 percent of infertility is related to male factor problems, such as structural abnormalities and sperm production disorders. Evaluation of the male partner is essential for the diagnosis and timely treatment of specific causes of male factor infertility. Learn More˃˃

Problems with ovulation (egg production) account for most infertility in women. Other problems, such as a hormonal imbalance, can also lead to infertility in women. Aging also plays an important role in female infertility. Learn More˃˃

A reproductive endocrinologist, or in some cases your obstetrician/gynecologist or urologist, can complete a fertility work-up and diagnosis.